Lawrence reflects on the meaning of the Sabbatical Year and SPNI's special activities
This Rosh Hashana saw the beginning of the shmitta or sabbatical year. According to Leviticus 25:1–7, every 7 years the Land of Israel is to be left fallow for a year, giving it a chance to rejuvenate. This commandment is one of the foundations of environmental and sustainable thought in Judaism. This means that from this Rosh Hashana until next Rosh Hashana (Sept 2014-Sept 2015) religiously observant Jews consider all fruits and vegetables grown in Israel as holy, creating several obstacles for agriculture and for SPNI in our Community Garden projects.
To ensure early Israeli agriculture did not collapse in the early years of the mass immigrations, Rabbis created the concept of ‘Heter Mehira’ where agricultural land could be temporarily sold to non-Jews for a year as a kind of legal loophole. Heter Mehira is still used today by farmers. In modern agriculture, hydroponics is also deemed a way around this problem as the plants are not being grown in the Land.
SPNI is a part of the “Shmitta Israelit” (Israeli Shmitta) coalition of national organizations under the auspices of Teva Ivri (Israeli Nature) to promote all the concepts of shmitta as a way of reflecting on Israel’s societal values. Even Israeli politicians are getting involved, with MK Ruth Calderon promoting a special fund to help families get out of debt, (another tenet of Shmitta).
Utilizing guidance from Machon HaTorah v’Haaretz (the Institute for Torah and the Land of Israel) SPNI has been helping our 100+ Community Gardens adapt to the laws of shmitta.
As previously mentioned it is forbidden to grow crops in the land of Israel during the year. SPNI is helping the Community Gardens prepare flower beds that are not ‘in’ the Land. These flower beds have been newly built with a layer of nylon at the bottom creating an impermeable layer between the flower beds and the soil. The flower beds also have walls and a roof to ensure their total separation from the Land. Over the summer, SPNI ran workshops in Beer Sheva, Haifa, Jerusalem and Tel Aviv to show any interested local gardeners how to make these special flower beds out of cheap and easily available materials. Over 150 people attended these workshops.
During shmitta, according to Jewish tradition, the land reverts to its original state without an owner. It follows that produce grown also has no owner. The Community Gardens have embraced this idea by advertising, in the community, specific times where anyone is welcome to pick produce and take it home with them, even if they have no other connection to the project. This sharing creates a positive community atmosphere, encourages more people to eat healthily and helps promote the Community Garden.
Disposing of Waste:
As fruits and vegetables grown in Israel are considered holy they can’t be thrown in the garbage with normal waste (this includes those which were grown last year and picked this year). To get around this problem most Israelis simply throw away their shmitta produce in either a separate garbage bag or use the ‘brown bin’ that is used for organic waste collections. SPNI’s Community Gardens are taking advantage of this need by advertising their composting services and gratefully accepting donations of organic waste from local families, which is then used to fertilize the soil. Most Israeli municipalities are moving towards separate garbage collections for organic waste and the shmitta year is the perfect chance to get more people to adopt this practice.
The shmitta year is also an opportunity to think about consumption. As all produce is considered holy it is natural that we think about how much of it we buy in our weekly shop and prepare for each meal so food doesn’t spoil or quantities of left overs aren't just thrown out. As part of our preparation for shmitta all the irrigation systems in SPNI’s Community Gardens were rechecked and recalibrated to make sure that just the right amount of water is being used for each plant, to reduce wastage.
The shmitta year has also given us a chance to think about new projects. As part of our partnership with Shmitta Israelit in SPNI’s Community Garden, we’ll be running study sessions in the Community Gardens and enabling people to grapple with religious and secular Israeli texts, about concepts such as environmentalism, consumerism and sustainability.
Inspired by a TED talk, SPNI will grow plants inside and plans to place dozens of plants in 50 kindergartens near Modi’in. According to research carried out in India, the plants will significantly improve the quality of air within the school by removing dust and other contaminants while increasing the amount of oxygen in the air. Our hypothesis is that the improved air quality will boost the children’s development while helping inspire the students to learn about nature.
Although shmitta is commonly thought of as being entwined with the Land of Israel, it is also an opportunity to think about our relationship with the planet, how much we consume and a chance to try new things. I hope you will join me in my new year’s resolution to use it.
60 Years of Nature Protection in Israel: What’s next?
In many ways it felt appropriate that the day after the passing of Azaria Alon, the forefather of Israel’s environmental movement and co-founder of the Society for the Protection of Nature in Israel (SPNI), SPNI pondered the question “What’s next for Israeli nature” at its 6th Annual Jerusalem Conference. The picture emerging from the various panels is that 60 years of environmental activities has kept Israel’s biodiversity in relatively good shape; but that many threats and challenges exist that leave no room for complacency. Perhaps the best hope will be the publication, in 2015, of Israel’s National Biodiversity Masterplan, with much energy at the conference spent discussing what it should include.
After a moment of silence in memory of Azaria Alon, MK Amir Peretz took the stage. The Israeli Minister for Environmental Protection delivered a passionate speech attacking the government’s plans to build a railway to Eilat and Interior Minister Gidon Sa’ar for appointing 5 new members to the Park and Nature Authority Council, who Peretz believes, were appointed to authorize the railway’s route through protected nature reserves. Amir Peretz left no doubt in the mind of any of the over 500 people in the audience that he will do everything in his power to prevent this ‘megalomaniacal’ project from becoming a reality and that he stands with us to protect Israel’s nature.
The other major statement came from SPNI CEO Moshe ‘Kosha’ Pakman officially announcing SPNI’s appeal to National Council for Planning and Building against the approval of plans for an enormous housing project on former Israel Military Industries land in the Sharon region. SPNI is appealing to the National Council for Planning and Building to totally reimagine their plans and include a park to preserve 373 plant species and contiguous open spaces in the Central Region. SPNI hopes “the park would protect the public’s natural assets and serve as a center for educational activities and public events for many residents.” This appeal embodied many of the ideas stemming from the conference of the need to protect open spaces and their contiguousness through national strategic planning.
Throughout the day experts from SPNI, Israel Parks and Nature Authority, Hebrew University, Tel Aviv University, government ministries and the business world presented their ideas and debated planning reforms, environmental education, community engagement, urban nature, and the role of business in preserving biodiversity. There emerged a general consensus among the experts that Azaria Alon has left behind a healthy legacy. However, a lot of work remains for us and all Israelis to ensure that we and our children can enjoy a country with birds, butterflies and flowers. As in Azaria Alon’s famous sentiment, what is life without them really worth?
Category: Our Global Community
Drawing Inspiration from her native Sweden and her Negev surroundings Sara Kallus created a unique jewelry collection, Naturally Silver
Born and raised in Sweden, Sara Kallus has made her home in Mitzpeh Ramon. Gathering inspiration from the wooded landscapes of her childhood and the stark vistas of the Negev, she created a unique line of jewelry, Naturally Silver. Naturally Silver, uses small pieces of natural Israel, while giving back to Israeli nature in a big way. Sara has pledged 70% of the proceeds from the collection to the Society for the Protection of Nature in Israel.
Sara began her life in the Swedish countryside. Born to a Swedish mother and an Israeli father, she grew up with a strong connection to her natural surroundings. "I was raised to take care of nature." Sara explained that she often played outdoors, "We had a tree house in the forest, went skating on lakes and skiing in winter." She also described picnics in the forest after school with sandwiches and hot chocolate.
After finishing her education in Media Engineering at Midsweden University, Sara travelled to the French Alps. While working at a ski resort there, Sara met her future husband. When he returned home to Israel he regretted not exchanging details with the stunning blonde he had met on vacation. In true Israeli fashion he did not give up, months later, he sent a friend visiting France to the ski resort to track down Sara and get her contact information. After a year cultivating a relationship across the distance, Sara made the leap and moved to Israel.
Although she had an Israeli father, Sara's move to Israel was not an obvious one. Sara grew up disconnected from the Jewish and Israeli communities in Sweden. After arriving in Israel, Sara continued to pursue her career in computers and IT. It was only when she started her family that she found a new direction in jewelry.
While pregnant with her first child Sara took a course in silversmithing. She began designing simple, light, silver pieces with the clean lines typical of Swedish taste. "I couldn't find the style of jewelry I was looking for in the shops in Israel," Sara said. "I want my jewelry to be light weight, comfortable and all-around."
After receiving complements from friends and strangers alike, Sara was encouraged to embrace her new hobby full time and start selling her jewelry. Her success with NAKI Design led her to want to give back to Israel. "It really hurt me when I came here, the lack of education when it comes to preserving the environment," Sara explained. The urge to do a project that would allow her to give back led Sara to the Society for the Protection of Nature in Israel.
The Naturally Silver collection is a unique collection designed to help support the Society for the Protection of Nature in Israel. Small pieces of Israeli nature are carefully selected, leaves are put in a bath of electrolytic solution to deposit silver on the surface, twigs have been selected, molded and worked into bracelets, rings and earrings, each creating a one of a kind piece of jewelry, with a small part of Israel at the core.
Wearing Sara's Naturally Silver collection connects you to the Land of Israel and reminds you of the country's precious natural beauty. The clean lines of the collection combine Sara's wintry forested heritage with the textured, broad expanses of the desert she has made home.
Today Sara lives in Mitzpeh Ramon with her husband and two children. They are expecting a new addition to the family this winter.
Category: Our Global Community
Lawrence meets activists at the 4th Annual Conference for Community Gardens
Earlier this week I visited Israel’s 4th National Community Garden Conference in Haifa. I was overwhelmed by the energy of the attendees, most of them activists in one of the 300 or so Community Gardens that currently exist in Israel. In Israel there are very few private gardens in homes, but lots of spare open spaces between apartment buildings in densely built up areas. It is these spaces where Community Gardens are built. SPNI coordinates dozens of Community Garden projects which bring greenery and nature into neighborhoods but also improve quality of life into neighborhoods and create a platform for social cohesion.
Before the conference officially kicked off gardeners were showing off their wares, sharing gardening techniques and growth strategies in a tightly packed corridor. Local schools who had their own gardens were also there showing off their own impressive and colorful harvests (schools have their own educational gardens too, so they know that vegetables are grown from the ground and not from the supermarket).
Before the Israeli tradition of countless opening speeches, attendees were shown a short video on the Community Garden process was shown. The video illustrated how a wasteland in a neighborhood Migdal Ha’Emek was transformed into a functioning Community Garden. At the beginning of the film the area was a typical Israeli inner city wasteground; yellow dirt, random tufts of yellow grass and lots of discarded plastic bottles and sweet wrappers and some abandoned sofas. By the end of the film the area was green, furnished and populated by local children and families – in short completely unrecognizable. The residents’ involvement was laid out in the film from the initial meeting when the idea for a Community Garden was presented, to residents planning the layout of the garden, preparing the land and designing the patterns of the mosaics that now decorate the seats (made out of recycled materials) in the Community Garden.
I echo the opinion of Yoel Rasvozov MK (Yesh Atid) who spoke at the event that Community Gardens are a modern expression of the idea that the land of Israel is something that binds the Jewish people. Community Garden’s help connect Israelis to the land in a real way beyond the concrete, glass and brick that our urban environment consists of. Globally the Community Garden movement is gaining traction as a way of growing food and natural therapy. That could be the future for Israeli Community Gardens too, but for now, in my opinion, they are a natural successor to the Kibbutz movement – land that people farm for pleasure while breaking down social boundaries and connecting to their homeland. They also fulfill an important role in the by creating common ground (pun intended) between Ashkenazim, Sephardim, Israeli Arabs and immigrants from Russian, Ethiopia and the rest of the world who come together as equals to improve their neighborhoods from the bottom up.
I’m now just waiting for my city of Modi’in to set aside some land for our own Community Garden.
Category: Our Global Community
Congratulations to our Grand Prize Winner - Barbara Nicca
Our Summer Photo Contest has been a huge success. We received nearly one thousand pictures from amatuer photographers all over the world. We were also able to expand our online community, with our Facebook page now up to over 8,700 likes.
We would like to thank all of our participants, for their wonderful submissions. It has been amazing to see Israel through your eyes and your camera lenses.
We are especially happy to extend a warm Congratulations to Barbara Nicca, from Switzerland, for her beautiful photography. Barbara's photo of the first Almond Blossom on a bare winter tree won in our Flower category. The photo of a Spur-Winged Lapwing, venturing from its watery habitat onto a train platform, perfectly captured how Israel's wildlife must also share our cities with us. It was selected as the winning photograph in our Urban Nature category.
Thank you Barbara for framing SPNI's mission to preserve Israel's open spaces and wildlife!
Category: Our Global Community
Tagged under: Photo Contest